Are you wondering when to sow seeds in Montreal?
Here’s my guide to when you should sow seeds indoors before the season begins and outdoors when you see common plants blooming.
|Date||Bloom||Sow inside||Sow outside||Other info|
|February 18, 2019||peppers, zinnias|
|February 25, 2019||datura, delphiniums, nicotiana|
|March 4, 2019||cabbage, tomatoes|
|March 11, 2019||brussel sprouts, celeriac|
|March 18, 2019||marigolds, green cauliflower|
|April 15, 2019|
|daffodil, forsythia||Cold hardy seeds such as: allysum, baby’s breath, chard, calendula, carrots, cornflower, hollyhock, impatiens, lovage, peas, poppies, radishes, rudbeckia, spinach, sweet pea flowers|
|lilac, dogwood||Cold hardy seedlings such as: cabbage, broccoli, dusty miller, feathertop grass, larkspur, leek, onion, pansy, penstemon, salvia and snapdragon|
|May 20, 2019||summer savory|
|May 27, 2019||nicotiana|
|May 31, 2019||average last frost|
|June 3, 2019||datura, delphinium, brussel sprouts|
|spirea (all the pink types)||Cold tender seeds such as: basil, beans, beets, borage, catnip, cilantro, corn, chervil, cucumber, dandelion, delphinium, green manures, lavatera, lettuce, okra, melon, marigold, mint, morning glory, nasturtiums, nicotiana, parsley, petunia, savory, sunflower, thyme, zinnia|
|black locust trees, Vanhoutte spirea (the white one)||Cold tender plants, such as anise, datura, dahlia, dematis, grapes, ladies mantle, lavender, peppers, tomatoes|
|Mock orange, catalpa||Fall seeds, such as broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, celeriac, cauliflower, fennel|
If you’re a gardener in Montreal, you’ll want to plant seven fruits that are hardy in our northern climate and make for great eating.
Lollipop crabapples grow 10ft-high and get white flowers in spring. Small yellow fruit appears in the fall.
One of the three varieties I love is Savignac, a small round easy eating pear named after Brother Armand Savignac, a Joliette priest who got the then un-named cultivar from the Canada Experimental Farm in 1947.
Yellow, red and black are available.
The tiny blue berries this plant produces in mid-June aren’t quite as sweet as the woodland bush berries they resemble, but the plant grows easily because it’s so hardy and contains thousands of berries. The Saskatchewan city of the same name was named after the native plant. White flowers cover the plant in the spring, right after Magnolias and Forsythias.
These red grapes are a hybrid from Alcace and were originally called Kuhlmann 188-2 (one of whose parents was Goldriesling). The grape gets its name from a General who served in the French army during World War I.
Get some trees from Stefan Sobkowiak, one of Quebec’s permiculture experts and the owner of Miracle Farms in Cazaville if you can.
Who can deny strawberries. These ground-covering plants are so tasty and easy to grow as long as you move the patch every three or four years. I like the traditional June-bearing variety, because I find the berries taste much better.
The weather remains unpredictable this spring, but despite that, I highly recommend taking lots of photographs beginning this week. Things are beginning to bud, and perhaps as early as this weekend, you’ll be taking some of the prettiest shots possible.
Historical weather trends appear in the chart below.
The national temperature departures table shows the full list of spring values in the order from warmest to coolest. It shows that 3 of the ten warmest springs occurred within the last decade, and 9 of the last 20 years are listed among the 20 warmest.
Source, Environment Canada,
Daffodils, magnolia, forsythia and hyacinth are just beginning to bud and I expect they’ll bloom together in my garden in the next week or so for a joy-bringing concert of colour and a pleasant break from the computer.
This glorious show appears regularly every spring on its own with very little help from me. I’ll need to spend an hour cutting down the grasses and raking some leaves off the carpets of purple crocus, and that’s it.
The wildlife in my region are also quite active at this time of year, as you can see in Jean-Marc Lacoste’s superb video. Lacoste took this footage along LaSalle, Verdun and Nun’s Island waterfront and in Angrignon Park between April 1 and 17, 2012, but it’s still well worth checking out. You can see it at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f0sTQjGd7P4.
It’s dandelion harvesting time again! Whoo hoo.
Normally, by the time I begin harvesting dandelions (Taraxacum officinale) the flower buds are already on the plants. Not this year. The leaves don’t taste quite so bitter when I pick the plants before the flowers bud, so I’m making a special effort to get them early this year. I’m going on the prowl for these little babies beginning today.
Thinking about the task as a harvest—and actually eating the leaves I pick—makes the task slighter more rewarding than it would be if the idea were simply to make my lawn look nicer. Most years, I begin the task on a rainy day. Again, not this year! Yippee!
The key to enjoying this activity during this time of the year is to have a great recipe.
For some ideas about ways to eat them, consult Euell Gibbons’ 1962 book “Stalking the Wild Asparagus.” The classic would make an ideal mothers’ day gift for a gardening mom. See my link below if you want to order it!
My definite favourite recipe is wilted greens fried with garlic and bacon with a mustard sauce. This was recommended by my PWAC colleague and buddy, Steve Pitt, who posted the recipe on a list serve a few years ago. I’ve revised it slightly, and it still tastes great. It’s also very good if you replace the bacon grease with vegabutter and a whole jar of capers for my vegan friends.
Hope you like it as much as I do.
Fry the bacon until crisp. Put it into a steel salad bowl.
Pour off extra bacon fat, leaving just enough to cook the greens in.
Pour in the vinegar and heat to scrape the pan.
(Or if you prefer, just heat the pan and add a full tablespoon of vegabutter.)
Add Dijon, honey and olive oil to make a sauce.
Add the greens and cook until they wilt. Toss everything together and serve.